Ethiopia has been dubbed the Chessboard of the Gods, Cradle of Humanity and Roof of Africa. These superlatives, however, are inadequate to describe this unique and mysterious country. Some 70 million years ago these highlands fractured, initiating the splitting of Africa’s Great Rift Valley. The resulting countryside is as spectacular as it is varied. One of Africa’s finest birding destinations, the healthy combination of impressive forests, towering mountains and moist and arid savannas, laden with endemics and supporting a rich assemblage of Palearctic migrants, intermingle to provide long species lists.
Simien Mountains National Park
The northern mountainous highlands constitute one of the major ranges in Africa. The region includes many summits above 4000 meters and culminates at its highest point in Ethiopia, Ras Dejen, at 4630 meters, the fourth highest mountain in Africa. Its dramatic topography is the result of the erosion of basalt lavas, which have been calculated to be nearly 3000 meters thick....More on Simien Mountains National Park
The Bale Mountains National Park
The Bale Mountains National Park constitute a high altitude plateau broken up by numerous spectacular volcanic plugs and peaks, beautiful alpine lakes and rushing mountain streams that descend into deep rocky gorges on their way to the lowlands below. As you climb up the mountains you will experience changes in vegetation, from juniper forests to heather moorlands and alpine meadows, which at various times of year are covered in an abundance of colorful wildflowers.
Bale Mountains National Park is the largest Afro-Alpine habitat in the whole of the continent. This site is an important Bird Area of immense importance, supporting seven globally threatened species and nearly all of Ethiopia’s Highland biome species. It’s the place where we easily see the plateau’s most celebrated resident, the Ethiopian or Simien Wolf, crowned with the unenviable title of “the world’s rarest canid.” Watching these vibrantly colored animals, most closely related to the European Timber Wolf, exhibiting their hunting prowess while pouncing on Giant Mole-rats (another endemic to the Sanetti Plateau), is surely amongst Africa’s greatest wildlife experiences.
The park also provides opportunities for unsurpassed mountain walking, horse trekking and scenic driving, as well as the chance to view many of Ethiopia's endemic mammals, in particular the Mountain nyala and SImien fox, and birds such as the Thick-billed raven, Wattled ibis, Blue-winged goose and Rouget's rail, etc....More on Bale Mountains National Park
Danakil Depression is one of the remotest spot in the world and the lowest part in unique land formation of the world Great Rift Valley system, still this part of the earth unstable and pulling each other to the opposite side.
Erta Ale is one of the few volcanoes in the world that have an almost persistent lava lake; it is an isolated basaltic shield volcano, 50 km wide, rising more than 600 meter from below sea level. Absolutely unique Lava lake erupting all the time in the world, it is around crater because it is inside the rift valley system the earth still is not stable, not only for adventure trip or to see it is also the best place for study for Volcano. Still the science is not reach why and when the volcano is happening and how to save lives of many people death because of the Volcano and Earth movement.
Erta Ale means Smoking Mountain by Afar Language. At night when you walk to the volcanic hill Erta Ale 613 high you will see light from farther the at the sky walk over amazing extensive dry lava unusual topography.
Dallol is 100 km from North West of Erta ale the lowest part of Danakil Depression 116 below sea level extremely hottest and inhospitable place but enjoyable and extraordinary colorful landscape; nearby travelers can visit Lake Asale, which is a famous salt mining lake. This precious stone salt or Amole was once used as a currency in Ethiopia. Today, hundreds of camel caravans can be found on the road daily (with the exception of Fridays and during the hottest months from March- September) transporting this salt to the north western highlands of Ethiopia.
In this region, the climate varies from around 250 C (770 F) during the rainy season to 480 C (1180 C) during the dry season (March- August). Amazingly, it is one of the hottest places year round anywhere on Earth. Only the Awash River flows into the depression, where it ends in a chain of lakes that increase in salinity....More on Danakil Depression
Sof Omar Caves
The fantastic limestone caves of Sof Omar make a day's outing from Dinsho, Robe or Goba. The road leaves Robe town, crossing the farming areas to the east, before descending into the lowlands. Here the vegetation is very different being dry lowland with wooded grasslands. The caves lie at 1,300 m above sea level. This is in marked contrast to what you will experience in the Bale Mountains at up to 4,000 m. Very different animals occur along the way as well, most noticeably the Greater and Lesser Kudu - both relatives of the Mountain Nyala, and the tiny dik dik antelope. The caves themselves carry the whole flow of the Web River that rises in the Bale Mountains, underground through wonderfully carved caverns for a distance of one and a half kilometres. There are over fifteen kilometres of associated passages, which require skill, time and special equipment for a full exploration. However, a friendly local guide will show you enough to take your breath away and make the trip worthwhile, for an hour or for as long as you care to spend. A cool dip in the clear River afterwards refreshes you for the return drive. Full details of the caves are provided in the booklet, "The Caves of Sof Omar" obtainable from the Ethiopian Tourism Commission.
The Blue Nile, Its Falls and Gorge
If you have ever been in Egypt or read Egyptian history or stories, you will realize how important the nile river is in the Egyptian life, and wished to explore this river wrapped in mystery and controversy. More on the Blue Nile
The Rift-Valley Lakes
The Rift-Valley formed a chain of lakes and hot-springs that are habitats for various bird species. These lakes are magnificent to watch, study or camp-by for fishing and out-door living. More on The Rift-Valley Lakes
Students of Nature
The Indigenous Fauna & Flora are fruitful fields, for studying and classifying works. The plants are suitable for academic and medicinal researches. The indigenous plants and animals may be viewed while undertaking mountain trekking. More on Indigenous Animals & Plants